The Center Pivot was invented in 1948 by farmer Frank Zybach, who lived in Strasburg, Colorado.
The Center Pivot is an automated irrigation method that covers around 40 percent of the world’s croplands. The cost of the unit and installation is relatively high and runs around 1,100 USD per hectare (Ha). Therefore it is suited for large areas. The area covered by a Center Pivot can be from 3.5 Ha. to 60 Ha. The Center Pivots last for a long time, around 15-20 years depending of the quality of the equipment and the level of maintenance.The Center Pivot is built from towers based on wheels, and spans between them. The spans of the machine is made from aluminum or galvinized steel pipes in differernt sizes. These pipes can be 6”, 8”, and 10” in diameter and function as a structural frame and as the water carrier. there is an option to add an overhang segment (which just like it sounds hangs in the air on one side) that runs between 5m to 25m in a smaller diameter pipe. At the edge of the last span there can be an option to attach a corner system that can irrigate the difference between a circle and the square surrounding it. *See Diagram A. (In the diagram you can see an example of a 400m radius Center Pivot that covers 50.27 Ha).